Whitley Saumweber and Heather Conley highlight the governance challenges and opportunities that arise from a changing Arctic Ocean.
The Arctic is warming faster than any other part of the planet, threatening ecosystems and biodiversity. As the ice melts, Russia and China are rapidly expanding their footprint in the region, in pursuit of resources, including fish, oil and gas, and minerals. Yet only 2 percent of Arctic Ocean waters are charted to international standards. How should the Arctic be governed to conserve fragile ecosystems, maintain U.S. security, and improve transparency?